Schizophrenia is a mental disorder. It appears to be caused by environmental factors such as abuse, stress, or trauma, or genetic disposition. With this mental disorder a person is not able to understand the difference between fantasy and reality, are unable to control their emotions, or think clearly. It can affect women, men, and though rarely seen in children it can affect a child as young as five years old. In children it usually affects three in every one thousand children under the age of twelve. With adults there are five types of schizophrenia, each with their own schizophrenia symptoms.
Paranoid schizophrenia symptoms
With this type a person develops auditory hallucinations and delusions. This type of schizophrenia is the most treatable one.
- They believe that there is someone in the government that is conspiring against them
- They think people are sending messages to them through the radio, television, etc.
- They think they are being plotted against or spied upon by people that they love or trust
- They may hear voices that comment on how they are behaving
- They hear voices that talk to them and then order them to do different things good or bad.
Disorganized schizophrenia symptoms
With this type of schizophrenia a person will have disorganized speech, an unusual thought process, and behavior that is child-like.
- They cannot organize their thoughts and get them to connect in a sequence that makes sense.
- They have garbled or slurred speech which makes it hard to understand what they are talking about.
- They often suffer from “thought blocking” which is when they are talking about something, suddenly stop in the middle of the thought, and when asked why they stopped they will tell you the thought was pulled out of their minds by someone else so they cannot finish the thought.
- Their voice is monotonous
- They have immobile or blank facial expressions
- Their behavior is purposeless
- They are not able to take care of their personal hygiene, themselves, etc which makes them frustrated and agitated.
Catatonic schizophrenia symptoms
With this type of schizophrenia the person has unusual mannerisms, appear uncoordinated, and clumsy. This is a rare type of schizophrenia.
- They have disturbances of movements and may develop jerky movements and will carry out these movements repetitively. Some of these movements may be thrashing their legs or flapping their hands.
- There are some cases where they become completely immobile by sitting, standing, or staying in a strange stance for hours, even days at a time
- Because of their behavior they are not able to take care of themselves in any way.
- They may repeat a sentence or a simple word over and over.
Residual schizophrenia symptoms
If a person is a long-time schizophrenic they will develop residual schizophrenia and do not show any of the positive schizophrenia symptoms such as:
- Catatonic behavior
- Disorganized behavior or speech
These are just four of the positive schizophrenia symptoms but there are more. A person with residual schizophrenia will show these types of symptoms:
- Monotonous voice
- Blank face
- Having the inability to perform a planned activity
- Show a lack of happiness or pleasure
- Lack of interaction with others
- Needing help with their basic hygiene and daily activities as they cannot take care of themselves.
Undifferentiated schizophrenia symptoms
They exhibit symptoms that cannot be categorized which mean that they have symptoms that are prominent in each of the other four types of schizophrenia but cannot be grouped into just one of the types.
Children schizophrenia symptoms
The early symptoms of schizophrenia in children are not very specific but they can have any of these symptoms, which can include:
- Attention problems
- Social skills that are poor
- Inconsistent body movement
- Lack of verbal communication
- Behavior that is disorganized
- Thinking and speech problems
- Have little or no feelings
- Have an inappropriate exhibition of emotions at the wrong time or place
- Makes poor eye contact